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See also: [Photography] [Art Techniques] [TIME LINE] (just a snap-shot of an instant of space-time glued into a plastic resin) [Film] [^^Film] (film index to the FILMS directory) [post post-modernism] On this page: {Intro} {Concepts} {The Usual Suspects} {Refs}

Stop Motion

MoCap - Motion Capture got its start in 1884! as this photograph shows: Entienne-Jules Marey, about 1884. A "geometric chronophotograph" from the original negative: College de France, archives, Paris. The person walking right-to-left has attached to their side a series of lights (note the trailing electrical cable) and the camera has captured the "stop-motion-like" image of the person. Probably using a rotating chopper and a multiply exposed plate (or so it looks). (Actually this part of the study of the techniques used to fake the 1969 Apollo 11 Moon Landing ;) Well, not really; Frizot, P. 242. Marey's device: Frizot (P. 249) [Camera ] with a disc having 10 windows and rotiant 10 times a second. 100 images a second could be reached, but the level of 10 to 20 a second was generally kept to, with an exposure time of 1/100'th to 1/900'th of a second. Marey's fixed-plate chrono-photography machine with ten slit-disk acts a shutter (on the ground is the sensitised plate holder) - large case with a movable exposure mask; note the hand crank on the side! As Frizot points out (P. 249), [This ] should not be seen as not simply a camera, but as a the WHOLE experimental area that Marey set up in the Bois de Boulogne - a dark shed to provide the black background, with which there was the area where the subjects moved, a mobile cabin on a rail facing the black background, electric cables transmitting syncronised singals, and a rapidly rotating clock placed in the field of vision. Or as Marey related (after viewing the amazing possiblities of Muybridges's photographs, but being disheartened by the cumbersomness of the over all process, I have a photographic gun which has nothing murderous about it, and which takes a picture of bird flyng or an animal running in less than 1/500th of a second. I do not know whether you can really imagine such a speed, but it is something surprising. [1881] Reference: Comptes rendus des seances de l'Academie des Sciences, 1882.04.03, P. 15.

The Usual Suspects

Louis Ducos du Hauron Cook and Bonelli Entienne-Jules Marey Heny Du Mont [] [] [] [] [] [] -[]- -[]- -[]- -[]- -[]- -[]-


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Frizot, Michel(1998). A New History of Photography. Milan: kOnemann. ISBN 3.8290.1328.0, LCCN # This massive volume is treuly a book for the new milenium! Superbly readable, as well as a trove of "the classics" and rare photos. -[
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