See also: [Suprematism] [De Stijl] [Bauhaus] [Group 'G'] [Hermeticism (Italy)] [Constructivism] [Art Movements] [Dada] (many pages)
Concrete ArtFrom the 1930's into the 1950's a new movement arose in response to Theo Doesburg's new term "concrete art". By this he disinguished abstract art that was based on geometry rather than nature; sort of a spin off of constructivism. The term gained wide-spread use when Josef Albers arrived in the U.S. in 1933. Concrete art thus, addresses the basic ideas of 2-D design in the case of drawing, painting, etc. and 3-D design in the case of sculpture. Thus, basic shape, the break up of space, color and other basic Formal elements are the focus, and less of the "personality" or "feelings" of the artist; compare this with Abstract Expresionism or the more specific case of Impressionism.
The Usual SuspectsJosef Albers () Max Bill ()> Jean Dewasne () Lucio Fontana () Richard Paul Lohse () Helio Oiticica ()